C&EA: Photography (A)- Photography Basics
Listed as: How it is listed in the 4H enrollment website.
Knowledge Levels
  • Beginner (A)
  • Intermediate (B)
  • Advanced (C)
Geo Scope
  • County Eligible
  • State Eligible
  • Get to know your camera
  • Practice keeping camera steady and level
  • Practice taking photos, noticing natural light
  • Notice shadows and their potential in photography
  • Practice using natural light from several different directions
  • Practice using flash for fill, solving red-eye problems
  • Evaluate background, middle-ground, and foreground when taking photos
  • Practice filling the frame with the subject
  • Practice eliminating background clutter in photos
  • Practice using different viewpoints and perspectives in photos
  • Compose creative, unusual photos
  • Compose variety of selfies
  • Take photos of people, places, and things
  • Sequence photos to tell a story
  • Create black and white photos
  • Evaluate photos using critical thinking
  • Get to know your camera's capabilities using zoom
  • Practice using different lens filters
  • Practice using light to portray a specific mood
  • Practice taking photos of reflections
  • Practice taking photos without the flash feature on your camera
  • Practice using the Rule of Thirds and the Rules of the Golden Triangle and the Golden Rectangle
  • Practice taking photos from different points of view/perspectives
  • Practice creating photos with interesting negative spaces
  • Practice capturing unposed, candid shots of a subject or event
  • Practice taking photos of "bits and pieces" of ordinary objects to create a work of art
  • Practice using a camera to create a panorama
  • Use color to create photos that are cool warm, monochromatic, contrasting, and/or complementary
  • Practice taking photos with a specific purpose in mind to teach, instruct, or sell a product or service
  • Evaluate photos that represent body of work
  • Get to know your camera's capabilities using the mode dial
  • Practice capturing a focal point understanding how camera equipment and depth of field effects the photo
  • Practice taking photos in low-light situations
  • Practice taking photos that help you get the correct exposure
  • Practice taking silhouettes
  • Practice composing photos that include geometric shapes and interesting framing
  • Practice composing photos that break photography "rules"
  • Practice taking still-life photos
  • practice capturing portraits showing a person's character and personality
  • Practice taking photos of interesting shapes, patterns, and textures
  • Practice capturing photos where the subject is in motion
  • Practice taking photos that are outside the normal limits: astrophotography, underwater, infrared
  • Practice creating creative joiners
  • Evaluate photos that represent body of work
Resources:  Communications and Expressive Arts > Photography